Environment: Watch out, otters are on the way!

The sighting of two otters in Kent has delighted conservationists, who once feared that the iconic mammal could be lost from England’s waterways forever.

A country-wide wildlife survey published by the Environment Agency last year found that otters, which almost disappeared from England in the 1970s due to the toxic effects of pesticides, were recovering well and had been found in every English county except Kent.

Now wildlife experts at the Environment Agency have confirmed that there are at least two otters in Kent, which have built their holts on the river Medway and the river Eden.

The two sightings have delighted conservationists, who previously predicted that otters may not be resident in the county for another ten years.

Otters, which were nearly extinct in the 1970s, have recovered thanks to a ban on harmful pesticides and legal protection given to otters, making it an offence to intentionally kill or harm the animal.

They have also been helped by a significant improvement in water quality over the past 20 years, bringing fish back to rivers that were once grossly polluted.

Otters are at the top of the food chain, and are therefore an important indicator of the health of rivers.

The agency’s national conservation manager Alastair Driver said: “The recovery of otters from near-extinction shows how far we’ve come in controlling pollution and improving water quality.

“Rivers in England are the healthiest for over 20 years, and otters, salmon and other wildlife are returning to many rivers for the first time since the industrial revolution.

“The fact that otters are now returning to Kent is the final piece in the jigsaw for otter recovery in England and is a symbol of great success for everybody involved in otter conservation.

“ It is also a fantastic reward for all of the Environment Agency’s efforts in improving the water quality and ecology of England’s rivers.

“However, we cannot afford to be complacent. The Environment Agency is committed to improving waterways further and will be working with community groups, River Trusts and wildlife and angling organisations who all have important roles to play in achieving this.”